Osamu Kitayama, President .
Psychoanalysis is a method of understanding the mind, as well as its theory and treatment techniques, created by Sigmund Freud about 120 years ago. Since his time, there have been numerous important and historic discussions and movements within psychoanalysis. It has seen dramatic growth in various countries in Europe, North America, and Latin America, and, in recent years, it has been developing rapidly in our neighboring countries in Asia. Psychoanalysts form groups of experts and scientific associations that share fundamental theories and basic settings; they come together under the umbrella of the International Psychoanalytical Association, commonly known as the IPA, which has its headquarters in London.
The Japan Psychoanalytic Society, or the JPS, is the Japanese branch of the IPA. It has a history that spans more than eighty five years if we count the days when the pioneering Yasokichi Yabe traveled to Europe and obtained qualifications there. The JPS concurrently runs an institute that practices education that complies with international standards, and offers training programs. Our Society was established in 1955 by Heisaku Kosawa, its first president, and has continued to move steadfastly toward what it is today.
Psychoanalysis has its own unique techniques and structures. Specifically, as a basic rule, we provide treatment, using the couch and the free association technique, primarily to neurotic and/or personality disorder patients four to five times a week, with each session lasting 45 to 50 minutes. We may also perform psychoanalytic psychotherapy once or three times a week, as an application of this treatment.
Psychoanalysis also plays an important role, either as a methodology of depth psychology pertaining to all human mental activities such as society, culture, art and language, or as a basic theory. These may be good places to start, and easier to understand, for people in general wishing to enter this field of study.
To become a psychoanalyst, one must undergo rigorous training under set criteria. People who are eligible to receive such training are limited to physicians and clinical psychologists. Specifically, they must undergo theoretical training; receive clinical training and training analysis under the guidance of a supervisor; and write several papers. It often takes close to ten years to complete all these steps. Needless to say, in order for a person to understand the problems of the depths of the human mind, and to make analytic responses, he or she must become part of our organization, and undergo training that will build their experience as a candidate.
The Japan Psychoanalytic Society currently has thirty members. This is by no means a large number in proportion to the country’s population. However, all our members are experts who work together with the Japan Psychoanalytical Association and deepen their educational and training experience as well as clinical experience on a daily basis. The number of candidates currently in training continues to increase at a steady pace.Today, the world situation has become even more uncertain; the seeds of daily worries and anxieties appear endless. Irrespective of what type of era awaits us in the future, we, as a chosen group of experts, are committed to carrying out our tasks while accepting the contradictory and difficult duty of broadly identifying people’s repressed thoughts and translating them into words. We will never lose hope, and will continue to do our utmost to be of help to you, in great or small ways, aiming to achieve the further growth and development of our craft. We look forward to serving you.